Decoding The Enhanced Protection for Wine and Spirit GIs

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Ms. Namrata Sahu


This article delves into the realm of geographical indications (GIs) within the framework of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). Specifically, it focuses on the enhanced protection granted to GIs for wines and spirits under Article 23 of the agreement, going beyond the standard protection mechanism outlined in Article 22. We will explore the historical context that led to this special treatment, examine the potential controversies surrounding it, and assess its impact on trade dynamics within the wine industry, particularly in the European Union (EU) and India.

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