Changed Paradigm of Municipal Solid Waste Management: Recycling and By-Products to Attain Zero Waste

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The gap is narrowing between urban and rural areas as a result of rapid urbanisation, the "use and throw" tendencies of the present generation, especially in the developed world, and the equally rapid communication between the two. A larger proportion of urban solid trash—including plastics and a variety of packaging materials like Styrofoam, bubble wrap, and others—contains non-biodegradable components, in contrast to the biodegradable components found in rural solid waste. Nonetheless, the mentality towards solid waste and its handling is universal across rural and urban regions. "Garbage out of sight" refers to the universally accepted practice of concealing waste. Municipal corporations and councils, which are the urban local bodies in India, are in charge of public health management.

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